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III. Meningitis (Leptomeningitis)

D. Spinal fluid changes (cont) :

3. Chronic meningitis

  • Increased pressure
  • Sometimes decreased glucose
  • Increased protein
  • Hundreds of mononuclear cells

E. Complications:

  • Hydrocephalus caused by obliteration of subarachnoid space, exit foramina or other sites
  • Edema and increased intracranial pressure
  • Cranial nerve palsies
  • Thrombosis from inflammatory infiltrate in the walls of arteries
  • Brain abscess or subdural abscess
  • Seizures